Keywords: F. M. Dostoevsky, K. S. Aksakov, I. S. Aksakov, ideology, Slavophiles, pochvennichestvo, creative method.
For citation:

Yao, Lu. “F. M. Dostoevsky and the Aksakov Brothers in the Context of Social and Literary Struggle and Cooperation.” Dva veka russkoi klassiki, vol. 4, no. 4, 2022, pp. 54–71. (In English)

Author: Lu Yao
Information about the author:

Lu Yao, PhD in Philology, Suzhou University, Shizi St. 1, Gusu District, 215006 Suzhou, Jiangsu province, China.

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Received: August 09, 2022
Approved after reviewing: October 22, 2022
Published: December 25, 2022
Issue: 2022 Volume 4 No. 4
Department: Russian Literature of the 18th–19th Centuries
Pages: 54–71

UDK: 821.161.1.09"19"


In the 1840s F. M. Dostoevsky became famous in literary circles thanks to his story Poor Folk, but was widely criticized by the Slavophiles, namely by the Aksakov brothers for his creative approach and political ideology. In the 1860s heated disputes between Vremenya and Den’ confirmed Dostoevsky’s ideological disagreements with the Slavophiles. In the 1880s, as the author of the article shows, begins a convergence of Dostoevsky’s position, his artistic ideas and the views of the Aksakov brothers, which is especially noticeable in Dostoevsky’s speech at the Pushkin holiday. The article comprehends the main ideological differences and points of contact between pochvennichestvo and Slavophilism, traces the difficult relationship between Dostoevsky and the Aksakov brothers, which lasted more than 40 years. Numerous disagreements in the beliefs of these contemporaries concerned the issue of creative style, the purpose of literature and ideological currents. Dostoevsky believed in Slavophile thought, but was more progressive; he developed and deepened the ideals of fundamentalism in the second half of the 19th century.



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