Keywords: ego-document, author, historiography, manuscript chronicle, Ivan the Terrible, Metropolitan Philip, oprichnina.
For citation:

Lobakova, I. A. “On the Development of the Author’s Principle in Russian Historiography (On the Example of the Editor of the Historical Compilation of the First Half of the 18th Century).” Dva veka russkoi klassiki, vol. 4, no. 3, 2022, pp. 132–149. (In Russ.) 

Author: Irina A. Lobakova
Information about the author:

Irina A. Lobakova, PhD in Philology, Senior Researcher, Institute of Russian Literature (Pushkin House) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Makarova emb. 4, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia.

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

Received: May 10, 2022
Approved after reviewing: June 27, 2022
Published: September 25, 2022
Issue: 2022 Volume 4 No. 3
Department: Textual Criticism
Pages: 132–149

UDK: 821.161.1.09"19"


Ideas about the genre boundaries of materials that have received the definition of “ego-documents” have already developed by now. However, it seems to be necessary to take into account that since the 17th century appear chronicle collections and historical compilations, in which both the selection of sources, their volume, and editorial processing (or lack of it) testify to the manifestation of a personal view of the events of the past. With the onset of Petrovsky time, this tradition was not interrupted. The article attempts to show on the material of the handwritten historical code of the first half of the 18th century what means could be used by the compiler, editor or scribe to express their own attitude to the past. An analysis of the corpus of news about the reign of Ivan the Terrible in this monument made it possible to discover that they not only left comments in the margins, but additions were made to the text of the source, and evaluative characteristics of the characters and their actions were added. The return to the topics that worried the compiler of the editor or scribe led to chronological “breaks” that violated the traditional composition of the historical code. All these techniques made it possible to fully manifest the personal principle in the monument of late chronicle writing, which gives grounds for considering it in a number of ego-documents.


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