Keywords: diary in letters, culture, everyday life, I. V. Vuich, N. V. Gogol, School of Guards Ensigns and Cavalry Junkers, province, capital.
For citation:

Vinogradskaya, N. L. “I. V. Vuich’s ‘Journal’ as a Historical and Cultural Source.” Dva veka russkoi klassiki, vol. 4, no. 3, 2022, pp. 178–195. (In Russ.) 

Author: Nataliya L. Vinogradskaya
Information about the author:

Nataliya L. Vinogradskaya, PhD in Philology, Senior Researcher, A. M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia.


E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

Received: April 20, 2022
Approved after reviewing: June 05, 2022
Published: September 25, 2022
Issue: 2022 Volume 4 No. 3
Department: Textual Criticism
Pages: 178–195

UDK: 821.161.1.09"19"


The article is devoted to the youthful diary in letters of Ivan Vasilyevich Vuich (1813–1884). Thе diary is kept in the Manuscript Department of the Russian State Library. The author of the diary came from the province to St. Petersburg to enter the School of Cavalry Junkers and Ensigns of the Guard. He lived in the capital for a year, preparing to the examinations and attending theaters, concerts, exhibitions, etc. in his leisure time. In 1830 he entered the School and studied there for another year, and then went with his regiment on a Polish campaign. In total, he lived in St. Petersburg for two years (1829–1830), during which he kept his diary in the form of letters addressed to his relatives. This genre is intermediate between a diary and a letter; it differs from a diary by the presence of a clearly designated addressee to whom the text is oriented. In particular, Vuich in his notes seeks to introduce relatives to the entertaining phenomena of metropolitan life. Thus, Vuich’s “journal” represents a lot of details of the city’s daily life; this makes it a useful source for studying the cultural history of the first third of the 19th century and for commenting on fiction and epistolary texts of this period, including letters of N. V. Gogol.


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